1. One consequence of the British and American victory in the French and Indian War was:

a. the American colonies grew closer to Britain

b. Americans now feared the Spanish

*c. a new spirit of independence arose, as the French threat disappeared

d. the Indians were stopped from ever again launching a deadly attack against whites

e. the Americans adopted several French customs

2. Parliament's repeal of the Stamp Act:

a. was carried out at King George's request

*b. convinced the colonists that Parliament could be forced to yield to boycotts and mob action

c. ended its right to tax the colonies

d. led to a collapse of parliamentary power and a revival of the monarchy

e. all of the above

3. Colonists reacted to the passage of the Tea Act by:

a. rejoicing that Parliament had seemingly accepted the American definition of representation

*b. suspecting that it was a trick to get them to violate their principle of "No taxation without representation"

c. immediately calling the First Continental Congress into session

d. avoiding the tax on tea by buying their tea directly from the British East India Company

e. voluntarily closing all ports to foreign trade

4. The Boston Tea Party of 1773 was:

a. an isolated incident

b. directed only at the British East India Company

*c. one of several similar protests to occur

d. supported by friends of America in Britain

e. carried out by the colonists’ Indian allies

5. The Quebec Act:

a. outlawed Catholicism in British Quebec

*b. denied Quebec a representative assembly

c. restricted Quebec's boundaries to the area north of the Great Lakes

d. was generally ignored by the 13 seaboard colonies because it had little effect on their relations with Britain

e. led to large numbers of French Canadians being relocated to Louisiana

6. The Quebec Act proved especially unpopular in the colonies because it accomplished all of the following EXCEPT :

a. turn an extensive amount of territory over to Catholic control

b. apply to all colonies, not just Massachusetts

*c. deny the French the right to retain many of their old customs

d. alarm land speculators, who saw a huge area snatched from their grasp

e. convince the colonists their rights as British subjects were at risk

7. The passage of the Stamp Act and the Sugar Act:

a. led many colonists to believe that the British were expanding colonial freedom

b. were both accepted by colonists as legitimate laws under mercantilism

c. resulted in fewer laws being passed by Parliament regarding the colonies

d. exemplified to many colonists the ability of Parliament to correct itself

*e. convinced many colonists that the British were trying to take away their historic liberty

8. The relationship between Britain and its American colonies fundamentally changed in 1763 when __________ assumed charge of colonial policy.

a. Charles Townshend

b. George Hanover

c. Lord North

d. William Pitt

*e. George Grenville

9. Unlike the __________ Act, the __________ Act and the __________ Act were both indirect taxes on trade goods arriving in American ports.

a. Townshend, Stamp, Sugar

*b. Stamp, Sugar, Townshend

c. Stamp, Quartering, Townshend

d. Declaratory, Stamp, Sugar

e. Quebec, Declaratory, Townshend

10. The following image by Paul Revere illustrates:

a. the British perspective of the Boston Massacre

*b. the American Perspective of the Boston Massacre

c. the Battle of Bunker Hill

d. the Stamp Act riots

e. the violence that followed the Boston Tea Party

11. When the British argued in favor of virtual representation, they meant that:

a. practically all British subjects were represented in Parliament

*b. each elected member of Parliament represented all British subjects

c. Parliament could pass virtually every type of law except trade restrictions

d. colonial legislatures’ laws would hold the same power as Parliament’s laws

e. colonists would be able to elect representatives to Parliament

12. Mercantilism harmed the colonies in which of the following ways?

a. By forcing Virginia tobacco planters to sell their product only in Britain

*b. By prohibiting colonial merchants from owning and operating their own ships

c. By preventing the creation of paper currency and banking in the colonies

d. By forcing the colonists to fall into debt through credit purchases from England

e. By forcing all the colonies to rely on slave labor

13. The implementation of nonimportation actions in protest of the Stamp Act was important politically because:

a. the French began to support the American cause

b. it stimulated colonial manufacturing

c. it showed the world the American’s commitment to nonviolence

*d. it aroused revolutionary sentiments among ordinary men and women

e. it convinced Parliament it could not tax the colonies without their consent

14. The British soldiers involved in the Boston Massacre had been sent to the colonies because of:

a. violent protests against the Stamp Act

b. resistance to the Quebec Act

c. colonial protests against the Proclamation of 1763

d. demands in England to send more troops to the colonies

*e. colonial resistance to the Townshend Act taxes on tea and other products

15. The Boston Tea Party caused the British to:

*a. close Boston harbor until the damages were paid for and order restored

b. pass the Quebec to expand Catholicism in the colonies

c. allow only the British East India Company to sell tea in America

d. ship all colonial protesters to England for trial

e. forbid all newspapers to issue new editions

16. American colonies strongly resented the Townshend Acts because:

a. they established the Anglican church as the official religion in all colonies

b. the taxes imposed in America would be far heavier than taxes in England

c. for the first time Britain would impose direct taxes on the colonies

*d. the revenues would pay salaries for British judges and officials in America

e. Parliament had promised never to impose such taxes on the colonies

17. The most significant action taken by the First Continental Congress to protest the Intolerable Acts was:

*a. forming The Association to enforce a boycott of British goods

b. arming the colonial militia to drive Redcoats out of Boston

c. sending petitions to Parliament to repeal the act.

d. sending petitions to King George III to reign in Parliament.

e. agreeing to meet again in one year if the situation did not improve.

18. Which of the following events directly led to the first real military conflict between the colonists and Redcoats?

a. the Boston Tea Party

b. colonists’ refusal to follow the Quebec Act

c. the Intolerable Acts

d. the Boston Massacre

*e. the British attempt to seize colonial leaders and supplies at Lexington and Concord

19. The British government was especially concerned about rebellion in America because they also feared:

a. losing control of the seas to America

b. losing trade as America’s industrial base rapidly grew

*c. war with France and a potential revolt in Ireland

d. maintaining control of India

e. war with Russia

20. One advantage the colonists enjoyed over Britain as conflict broke out was:

a. an effective, well-organized government

b. adequate financial resources to conduct a war

c. nearly complete unity among the colonies

*d. fighting defensively on a large, mostly self-sufficient continent

e. superior officers

21. In Common Sense Thomas Paine argued:

a. England should rule America

b. America would be better off as a French colony

c. the only way America could win a war with England was to ally with Indian tribes

d. economic boycotts made the most sense in protesting English actions

*e. an island should not rule a continent